Causes of The First War of Indian Independence – 1857 Revolt, Brief Note on First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782), Major significance of the Permanent Settlement of 1793, Most important aspects of Non-cooperation movement, State of non- agricultural production and internal commerce during Mughal period, मध्यकालीन इतिहास के लिए :–मध्यकालीन भारत: रणनीति, समाज और संस्कृति, प्राचीन एवं पूर्व मध्यकालीन भारतीय इतिहास, Lucent’S Samanya Vigyan (General Science In Hindi), भारत की राजव्यवस्था – By M. Laxmi Kanth. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz, as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. However, if we look past this, it becomes clear that Aurangzeb’s main concern was the maintenance of the empire, and not religion. 1. However Aurangzeb took the decision of re-imposition of jizya after 22 years of his accession possibly because he wanted to maintain the alliance with the Rajputs and also hoped to reach an accord with the Marathas. Aurangzeb felt that he was superior not only had he become superior to administer the empire in a better way but also to protect and strengthen Islam particularly its Sunni faith. However, the appeal to religion failed. He was a strict follower of the Sunni sect, to the extent that he per- secuted the members of the Shia sect. Aurangzeb carried on the traditions of his forefathers in granting favors to Hindu religious communities” (81). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. His ideal was to transform India into an Islamic state. This failure caused Aurangzeb to call for a modification of his earlier religious policy. Aurangzeb was born on 4 November 1618, in Dahod, Gujarat.He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal.His father was a governor of Gujarat at that time. As a result of these orders, a number of temples such as the famous temples of Vishwanath at Banaras and the temple of Keshava Rai at Mathura built by Bir Singh Deo Bundela during the reign of Jahangir were destroyed and a mosque; erected in their place. Polity Bharat Ka Samvidhan: Ek Parichaya: Ek Parichaya (Hindi), Sansar डेली करंट अफेयर्स, 30 November 2020 - Sansar Lochan, Life of Basava and Shakti Vishishtadvaita Philosophy, Causes of the Downfall of the Mughal Empire, Reforms of Alauddin Khilji : Administrative, Military, Revenue & Economic, Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization : Salient Features, Lord Curzon : Reforms and the administrative measures, Lord Ripon (1880-1884) – A well-meaning Governor-General, Itolizumab (rDNA origin) – A Monoclonal Antibody | UPSC, Know about Hagia Sophia Controversy | UPSC, Administration of Lord Lytton (1876-1880). Aurangzeb’s religious policy led to series of contractions, which he found hard to resolve. Srivastava, find Aurangzeb, guilty of religious bigotry and persecution. Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad also known as Aurangzeb or by his title Alamgir was the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire. So, Aurangzeb did not understand that to rule in India, he has to be a rational person. However, Aurangzeb found that images of these temples had been restored and idol-worship had been resumed. Aurangzeb’s religious policy had two aspects i.e: (i) To promote the tenets of Islam and to ensure that the people led their lives accordingly. He was a strict disciplinarian who did not spare even his own sons. However, if we look past this, it becomes clear that Aurangzeb’s main concern was the maintenance of the empire, and not religion. His reversal of Akbar’s policy of religious toleration resulted in weakening the entire structure of the Mughal empire. Aurangzeb letters reflected the close attention that he paid to all affairs of the state and governance. Aurangzeb again introduced the jizyah (or the poll tax) (it was abolished by Akbar). Religious policy of Aurangzeb was based on the Islamic theory of kinship. Aurangzeb’s insistence on Islamic rule was based on his previous education and his strong religious convictions. Muhtasibs were responsible for ensuring that the things, which were forbidden (such as intoxicants and gambling dens, etc) by the shara and the zawabits (secular decrees) were, as far as possible, not disobeyed openly. In 1665, Aurangzeb again ordered to destroy these temples. Aurangzeb encountered political opposition from a number of quarters, such as the Marathas, Jats, etc., as they had adopted a new stance. State in India, he was a strict follower of the citizens emperor officially Aurangzeb., God fearing Muslim, Qazi Shaikh-ul-Islam, the hated poll-tax on non-,! 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