According to Chemistry Explained, germanium is … The stable and continuous flow of oxygen and hydrogen to all parts of the organism facilitates and strengthens oxidation and reduction inside the cells: oxidation takes place either with the acquisition of oxygen or with the loss of hydrogen. This is partly a matter of availability - as silicon in the primary constituent of sand, there's plenty out there, where germanium has to be mined at considerable expense. Germanium ores are very rare. Atomic number The pure element was commonly doped with arsenic, gallium or other elements and used as a transistor in thousands of electronic applications. You may not further copy, alter, distribute or otherwise use any of the materials from this Site without the advance, written consent of the RSC. Germanium is also used as an alloying agent (adding 1% germanium to silver stops it from tarnishing), in fluorescent lamps and as a catalyst. Where the element is most commonly found in nature, and how it is sourced commercially. Hermann had already taken the name neptunium for what later proved to be a mistaken finding. Deutsch. If you are in any doubt, please ask. When germanium is doped with arsenic, gallium, or other elements, it is used as a transistor element in thousands of electronic applications. español. Ge is found within the confines of our Earth's atmosphere as either a gas that never changes or as a solid or as a liquid. The role of the element in humans, animals and plants. The results of his research determined that Germanium will be helpful in protecting the liverfrom toxic damage and support various aspects of the immune system. 5 of them are naturally occurring, 4 of which are stable. It's like a one way flow valve in a water pipe - electrons can flow from the heater to the anode, but not the other way round. At that time, he named this element as eka-silicon. The element may be commercially prepared from the flue dust of smelters processing zinc ores or from the by-products of the combustion of certain coals. Also like gallium, germanium is obtained as a by-product of mining and processing zinc and copper. The RSC maintains this Site for your information, education, communication, and personal entertainment. français. This has not happened because there are still applications where germanium is valuable, particularly in the specialist electronics of night vision equipment and as a component with silica in the fibre of the fibre optic cables used in communications. The description of the element in its natural form. You may like to say it with flowers and give someone a gift of a geranium - but you're more likely to communicate down a modern fibre optic phone line, and then its germanium all the way. Germanium is found in the Earth's crust at about 1.6 parts per million.